ProjectsI am currently involved in a number of projects. A selection includes:
- A five year ERC Starting Grant funded project, The Human Behavioral Immune System: Consequences for Health and Innovation. The project involves testing basic aspects of our anti-pathogen psychology, including how pathogen-avoidance affects our health psychology, our food psychology, and our attitudes toward innovations.
- With Annika Karinen and Reinout de Vries: Testing accuracy in assessing others’ disgust sensitivity.
- With Catherine Molho and Daniel Balliet: Investigating how emotional responses (e.g., disgust versus anger) to anti-social behaviors are differentially associated with punishment tactics (e.g., direct versus indirect aggression).
- With Cagla Cinar: Better understanding how food neophobia varies across meat and plant categories.
- With Paola Perone: Investigating the effects of hunger on reactions to pathogen cues.
- With Florian van Leeuwen, Yoel Inbar, and Michael Bang Peterson: Testing how pathogen avoidance motives relate to prejudice against gay men, lesbian women, and other sexual minorities.
After completing my bachelor studies in social psychology at Arizona State University, I enrolled in the evolutionary psychology Ph.D. program at the University of New Mexico in 2004. The program offered an interdisciplinary training across the evolutionary behavioral sciences housed within anthropology, biology, and psychology departments. Then, after completing my Ph.D. in 2009, I worked as a postdoc in health psychology under the advisement of Angela Bryan. I started as Assistant Professor in the Department of Social and Organizational Psychology at VU University in 2011 and was promoted to Associate Professor in 2016. I teach courses on research methodology, statistics, and evolutionary approaches to human behavior. I also manage the Evolutionary Social and Organizational Psychology (EVSOP) lab group, where researchers from my department, from other departments at the VU (e.g., biology), and from other universities in the Netherlands, Belgium, and Germany visit to discuss and enrich research ideas inspired by evolutionary theory.
My research interests are described in detail here: http://www.joshtybur.com/research/
|G Palomo-Vélez, JM Tybur & M van Vugt (2018) Unsustainable, unhealthy, or disgusting? Comparing different persuasive messages against meat consumption. Journal of Environmental Psychology 58, 63-71|
|JM Tybur, Ç Çınar, AK Karinen & P Perone (2018) Why do people vary in disgust?. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 373 (1751), 20170204||1|
|J Billingsley, D Lieberman & JM Tybur (2018) Sexual Disgust Trumps Pathogen Disgust in Predicting Voter Behavior During the 2016 US Presidential Election. Evolutionary Psychology 16 (2), 1474704918764170||1|
|D Balliet, JM Tybur, J Wu, C Antonellis & PAM Van Lange (2018) Political Ideology, Trust, and Cooperation: In-group Favoritism among Republicans and Democrats during a US National Election. Journal of Conflict Resolution 62 (4), 797-818||5|
|BC Jones, AC Hahn, CI Fisher, H Wang, M Kandrik, AJ Lee, JM Tybur & ... (2018) Reply to Fleischman and Fessler's (2018) comment on “Hormonal correlates of pathogen disgust: Testing the Compensatory Prophylaxis Hypothesis”. Evolution and Human Behavior|
|BC Jones, AC Hahn, CI Fisher, H Wang, M Kandrik, AJ Lee, JM Tybur & ... (2018) Hormonal correlates of pathogen disgust: testing the compensatory prophylaxis hypothesis. Evolution and Human Behavior 39 (2), 166-169||11|
|JM Ackerman, JM Tybur & CR Mortensen (2018) Infectious disease and imperfections of self-image. Psychological science 29 (2), 228-241||3|
|D Balliet, JM Tybur & PAM Van Lange (2017) Functional interdependence theory: An evolutionary account of social situations. Personality and Social Psychology Review 21 (4), 361-388||23|
|TR Kupfer & JM Tybur (2017) Pathogen disgust and interpersonal personality. Personality and Individual Differences 116, 379-384||4|
|JM Tybur & CD Navarrete (2017) INTERRUPTING BIAS IN PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE. Politics of Social Psychology|
|CE Ashton-James, JM Tybur & T Forouzanfar (2017) Interpersonal behavior in anticipation of pain: a naturalistic study of behavioral mimicry prior to surgery. Pain reports 2 (4)|
|J Wu, D Balliet, JM Tybur, S Arai, PAM Van Lange & T Yamagishi (2017) Life history strategy and human cooperation in economic games. Evolution and Human Behavior 38 (4), 496-505||2|
|C Molho, JM Tybur, E Güler, D Balliet & W Hofmann (2017) Disgust and anger relate to different aggressive responses to moral violations. Psychological science 28 (5), 609-619||10|
|KJ Jonas, J Cesario, M Alger, AH Bailey, D Bombari, D Carney & ... (2017) Power poses–where do we stand?. Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology 2 (1), 139-141||6|
|R Ronay, JM Tybur, D van Huijstee & M Morssinkhof (2017) Embodied power, testosterone, and overconfidence as a causal pathway to risk-taking. Comprehensive Results in Social Psychology 2 (1), 28-43||8|
|R Ronay & JM Tybur (2017) The wolf will live with the lamb. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40|
|NJ Van Doesum, JM Tybur & PAM Van Lange (2017) Class impressions: Higher social class elicits lower prosociality. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 68, 11-20||19|
|F van Leeuwen, A Dukes, JM Tybur & JH Park (2017) Disgust sensitivity relates to moral foundations independent of political ideology.. Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences 11 (1), 92||7|
|JM Tybur, Y Inbar, L Aarøe, P Barclay, FK Barlow, M De Barra, DV Becker & ... (2016) Parasite stress and pathogen avoidance relate to distinct dimensions of political ideology across 30 nations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113 (44), 12408-12413||28|
|RE De Vries, JM Tybur, TV Pollet & M van Vugt (2016) Evolution, situational affordances, and the HEXACO model of personality. Evolution and human behavior 37 (5), 407-421||26|